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Global History Test Review

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5 Point Essay

What We've Done - What To Study:
1945 - present
Two Main World Themes:
1 - The Cold War
2 - Independence

Mandela movie & questions
Nations poster project
Cry Freedom Movie - Steve Biko
Habeas Corpus
S African activity - timeline notes
Bottom Line presentation & notes
Regional readings (2 pg colored sheets)
chapter quizzes
chapter 19 quiz - broad themes of entire period

Essay Question
Which event from your nation's history was most important to its development?
Answer using the 5 point essay format:
1- introduction including thesis
2-4 made up of 3 points of support for your thesis
5 - conclusion with restated thesis

Click here for more on how to write 5 point essay!

Chapter 19: The World Since 1945 - An Overview
Name________________________ Pd_____

Matching

Match each term with the correct statement below.
a. acid rain e. multinational corporation
b. genetic engineering f. nonaligned
c. interdependence g. privatization
d. liberation theology h. terrorism


____ 1. Allied to neither the United States nor the Soviet Union during the Cold War

____ 2. Dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world

____ 3. Use of random violence to reach political goals

____ 4. A business with branches in many countries

____ 5. The selling of state-owned industries to private investors

____ 6. A form of pollution

____ 7. A movement in the Catholic Church to take a more active role in opposing the social conditions that contributed to poverty in Latin America

____ 8. Altering the chemical code of living things

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 9. After World War II, the imperial powers gave up their empires because
a. treaties forced them to.
b. they lacked the will to fight for them.
c. they thought it was morally right.
d. the Soviet Union demanded it.



____ 10. One of the biggest factors contributing to political instability in African nations immediately after independence was
a. the lack of natural resources. c. the lack of common ties and goals.
b. the failure of communism. d. huge debts.



____ 11. Which of the following is a primary cause of global interdependence?
a. advances in technology c. migration
b. World War II d. World War I



____ 12. Who was responsible for the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon?
a. al-Qaida c. OPEC
b. G-8 d. WTO




____ 13. The World Bank and the IMF lend money to developing nations, often
a. charging very high interest rates.
b. forcing westernization.
c. requiring economic reforms.
d. creating unfair trading policies.



____ 14. Which of the following is an effect of urbanization in developing countries?
a. The nuclear family is strong.
b. Ties to village and family are weakened.
c. Traditional beliefs and values thrive.
d. Cities have become better places to live.



____ 15. Which of the following statements regarding modern technology is true?
a. Only a few people have benefited from it.
b. It has solved most of the world’s problems.
c. It has helped the global South the most.
d. It has changed life all over the globe.



____ 16. Technology has helped form a global culture by
a. making all cultures alike.
b. spreading ideas rapidly.
c. mass-producing works of art.
d. giving all people everywhere access to computers.

Europe and North America - Chapter 20

Matching

Match each term with the correct statement below.
a. détente d. glasnost
b. deficit e. welfare state
c. dissident


____ 1. The relaxation of political tensions during the Cold War

____ 2. A government with a capitalist economy that takes responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people

____ 3. The gap between what a government spends and what it takes in through taxes and other sources

____ 4. A person who speaks out against the government

____ 5. Political openness

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 6. Which of the following is an effect of increasing global economic competition on the West?
a. increased exports
b. the growth of service industries
c. a loss of influence in the world
d. an increase in the number of manufacturing jobs


____ 7. Germany was able to reunite because
a. Brandt signed a treaty with the Soviet Union.
b. students destroyed the Berlin Wall.
c. communism in the Soviet Union collapsed.
d. the East Germans revolted against the Soviets.


____ 8. Which of the following is the goal of separatism in Quebec?
a. to cut ties with the United States c. to limit immigration
b. to become an independent nation d. to quit NATO


____ 9. Which of the following was a result of central economic planning in the Soviet Union?
a. an efficient bureaucracy
b. highly motivated workers
c. a high standard of living
d. shortages of food and consumer goods


____ 10. Which of the following did most Eastern European nations use to achieve democracy?
a. peaceful reforms c. long negotiations
b. violent revolutions d. civil disobedience


____ 11. The civil war in Yugoslavia was fought
a. between communists and anti-communists.
b. between pro-democracy supporters and followers of Milosevic.
c. among Serbs, Croats, and Muslims.
d. between northern and southern Yugoslavia.


____ 12. Which of the following was an effect of the Cold War on Europe?
a. high unemployment c. the growth of socialism
b. frequent small-scale wars d. its division into military alliances


____ 13. Which of the following issues threatened to tear France apart after World War II?
a. Algerian independence c. nationalization
b. war in Vietnam d. the Cold War


____ 14. During the Cold War, the primary goal of American foreign policy was to
a. protect human rights everywhere.
b. encourage economic growth in communist countries.
c. stop the spread of communism.
d. create a world without war.


____ 15. Which of the following helped resolve trade conflicts between the United States and Canada?
a. NAFTA c. The United Nations
b. The Warsaw Pact d. NATO


____ 16. One strength of the Soviet economy was that it
a. could feed all its people.
b. was almost free of unemployment.
c. produced high-quality consumer goods.
d. provided the Soviet people with a high standard of living.


____ 17. Ethnic tensions in Yugoslavia resulted in
a. “ethnic cleansing.” c. attacks against immigrants.
b. the separatist movement. d. a movement to increase tolerance.


Short Answer – Use your outline to answer this question. (2 points)

18. Identify the Berlin Wall and explain how it was a symbol both of the Cold War and its end.

East and Southeast Asia - Chapter 21 Quiz

Matching

Match each term with the correct statement below.
a. Asian tigers e. Four Modernizations
b. commune f. gross national product
c. Diet g. Khmer Rouge
d. domino theory h. “Little Red Book”


____ 1. The total value of all goods and services produced by a nation

____ 2. Program to strengthen agriculture, industry, science, and defense in China

____ 3. Term used to refer to the countries of Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Korea

____ 4. The idea that if communists took over one country, others would also fall to the communists

____ 5. Cambodian communist guerrillas

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 6. One of the goals of General MacArthur’s military government was
a. to punish the Japanese people.
b. to guarantee democratic government in Japan.
c. to restore Japan to its former glory.
d. to force the Japanese to help rebuild the United States.


____ 7. Mao Zedong was able to defeat the Nationalists because
a. the Nationalists had no leader.
b. he was financed by wealthy landowners.
c. the Japanese government supported him.
d. most of the people supported him.


____ 8. Which of the following was true under communism in China?
a. Peasants were moved from the countryside to the cities.
b. The business class was glorified.
c. Factory workers took control of the government.
d. Land was redistributed to peasants.


____ 9. Hong Kong and Taiwan share which of the following with China?
a. an economic system c. a government
b. a similar culture d. a democracy


____ 10. Which of the following was most important to the economic development of Singapore?
a. location c. culture
b. climate d. natural resources


____ 11. Which of the following was a problem faced by new nations of Southeast Asia?
a. They were unable to feed their people.
b. They were caught in the middle of the Cold War.
c. They lacked the natural resources for economic development.
d. They lacked strong leaders.


____ 12. A long-term goal of Ho Chi Minh was
a. to free Vietnam from foreign domination.
b. to unite Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
c. to hold free elections in Vietnam.
d. to make South Vietnam a free nation.


____ 13. Why is the Pacific Rim important to the global economy?
a. Most of the world’s people live in the region.
b. It has most of the world’s resources.
c. It has most of the world’s fresh water.
d. The volume of trade across the Pacific is greater than that across the Atlantic.


____ 14. One effect of interdependence on Japan is that
a. it is heavily in debt.
b. it must work to improve international relations.
c. it has a huge trade deficit.
d. it has few jobs for its workers.


____ 15. Which of the following best explains why Mao Zedong’s forces triumphed in China?
a. Mao promised to improve life for the peasants.
b. Mao promised to defeat capitalism.
c. Mao promised to turn China into an industrial nation.
d. Mao promised a return to the old ways.


____ 16. The intention of the Four Modernizations was
a. to limit family size. c. to get rid of noncommunists.
b. to end the democracy movement. d. to improve China’s economy.


____ 17. In which of the following areas is there the biggest difference between North and South Korea?
a. culture c. economy
b. language d. history


____ 18. During the Cold War, which of the following was an American priority in Southeast Asia?
a. to stop the spread of communism
b. to support independence movements
c. to establish trade alliances
d. to establish colonies


____ 19. Which of the following best explains why Vietnam has great economic potential?
a. It is heavily populated.
b. It is a communist country.
c. It has introduced free-market reforms to attract investors.
d. It is finally united.


Short Answer – Use your outline notes to answer this question. (1 Point)

20. List three ways the effects of the Cold War are still felt in Korea today.

South Asia and Middle East Quiz

Matching

Match each term or person with the correct statement below.
a. Green Revolution e. kibbutzim
b. harijan f. Kurds
c. intifada g. Gamal Abdel Nasser
d. Ayatollah Khomeini h. Jawaharlal Nehru


____ 1. A member of the untouchable class

____ 2. Ethnic group living in Turkey and Iraq

____ 3. Leader determined to end foreign domination in Egypt

____ 4. Leader of the Islamic revolution in Iran

____ 5. The Palestinian uprising

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 6. Tensions between which of the following two groups resulted in the partition of India?
a. Hindus and Sikhs c. Buddhists and Hindus
b. Muslims and Hindus d. Sikhs and Muslims


____ 7. One of the biggest problems facing India is
a. growing illiteracy. c. a failure to modernize.
b. rapid increases in population. d. the threat of revolution.


____ 8. Which of the following statements is true regarding India and Pakistan during the Cold War?
a. They both remained nonaligned.
b. Pakistan supported the Soviet Union, while India supported the United States.
c. Pakistan allied itself with the United States, while India favored the Soviet Union.
d. They both refused economic aid from foreign countries.


____ 9. The conflict between Palestinians and Jews in Palestine centered around
a. differences in religion.
b. the claim by both groups that it was their homeland.
c. disagreements over borders.
d. the role of the British in Palestine.


____ 10. Which of the following pairs of countries formed multiparty democratic systems?
a. Iraq and Syria c. Jordan and Saudi Arabia
b. Israel and Turkey d. Iran and Yemen


____ 11. How did Nasser challenge the West?
a. He built the Aswan High Dam. c. He relocated ancient temples.
b. He gave lands to peasant farmers. d. He nationalized the Suez Canal.


____ 12. Why did Israel become involved in the civil war in Lebanon?
a. The United Nations was unable to keep order.
b. The PLO was based there.
c. They wanted to help the Palestinian refugees.
d. They wanted to take control of Lebanon.


____ 13. The United States became involved in wars in the Persian Gulf in order
a. to keep the region safe for democracy.
b. to protect the lives of Americans in the region.
c. to protect the flow of oil.
d. to prevent environmental disasters.


____ 14. The goal of the Green Revolution was
a. to encourage recycling.
b. to turn India into an industrial nation.
c. to slow India’s population growth.
d. to enable India to feed all of its people.


____ 15. Why do so many people in the Middle East support the revival of Islam?
a. It offers alternatives to social and economic ills.
b. It rejects modernization.
c. It promises a single Arab state.
d. It encourages terrorist acts.


____ 16. Which of the following groups want autonomy from Turkey?
a. Shiites c. Kurds
b. Sunnis d. Palestinians


____ 17. One effect of the revolution in Iran was that it
a. was isolated from the international community.
b. became a leader in the Arab world.
c. took a stand against terrorism.
d. became the most westernized country in the Middle East.


____ 18. Which of the following is a true statement regarding the civil war in Lebanon?
a. The war was caused by the Palestinians.
b. Religious differences were the main cause of the war.
c. Economic differences between the north and the south were the real cause of the war.
d. The war was fought among many different factions.


____ 19. Which of the following was a cause of the Persian Gulf wars and was also a result of British imperialism?
a. border disputes c. war debt
b. ambitious rulers d. political differences


Short Answer – Use your outline notes to answer this question. (1 Point)

20. Making Inferences Why do you think tension between India and Pakistan might be of great concern to the world community?

Africa Quiz - Chapter 23

Matching

Match each term or person with the correct statement below.
a. Jomo Kenyatta e. Organization of African Unity
b. Nelson Mandela f. Mobutu Sese Seko
c. mixed economy g. SWAPO
d. Julius Nyerere h. ujamaa


____ 1. Leader who supported nonviolent methods to gain independence for Kenya

____ 2. Corrupt ruler of Zaire

____ 3. Leader who symbolized the struggle against apartheid

Match each term or person with the correct statement below.
a. ANC e. Julius Nyerere
b. F. W. de Klerk f. mixed economy
c. Mau Mau g. Organization of African Unity
d. Kwame Nkrumah h. Mobutu Sese Seko


____ 4. ____ used boycotts and strikes in his fight to win independence for Ghana.

____ 5. The South African leader who ended apartheid was ____.

____ 6. The ____ was a South African organization that opposed white domination.

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 7. Which of the following countries fought a long, brutal war to gain its independence?
a. Algeria c. Zaire
b. Ghana d. South Africa


____ 8. Why did colonial borders cause problems for new African nations?
a. They cut them off from important resources.
b. They created countries that were too small for their populations.
c. They forced people together from different ethnic groups.
d. They stopped herders from migrating with their animals.


____ 9. Which of the following was an effect of growing cash crops in Africa?
a. There was a food shortage.
b. Countries achieved economic independence.
c. Small farmers became rich.
d. Governments neglected industrial development.


____ 10. Zimbabwe achieved majority rule
a. through elections. c. after a guerrilla war.
b. by using nonviolent resistance. d. through negotiations.


____ 11. Which of the following helped end apartheid in South Africa?
a. an oil embargo c. economic sanctions
b. an international vote d. a civil war


____ 12. Which of the following statements is true regarding African nations in the United Nations?
a. African nations are not allowed full membership.
b. African nations are a dividing force.
c. African nations are an important voice for developing countries.
d. African nations are underrepresented.


____ 13. Which of the following is an effect of urbanization in Africa?
a. lower birthrates c. weakened kinship ties
b. higher literacy rates d. greater equality for women


____ 14. Which of the following generalizations regarding the way African nations won their independence is true?
a. Most but not all nations were able to win their independence peacefully.
b. All nations were forced to fight for their independence.
c. Economic sanctions helped many nations win their independence.
d. Most nations won their independence at the voting polls.


____ 15. Why were the cash economies introduced by the Europeans unsuitable for African countries?
a. African countries did not favor international trade.
b. Most people were subsistence farmers.
c. Africans were not comfortable with interdependency.
d. Africans had no paper money.


____ 16. Which of the following was an obstacle to unity in new African nations?
a. geographic barriers c. ethnic differences
b. weak economies d. class differences


____ 17. The white minority government in Rhodesia gave up power to the black majority after
a. the British demanded that they do so.
b. a long guerrilla war.
c. they lost in the elections.
d. they were forced by the OAS.


____ 18. Which of the following countries became a battleground for the Cold War in Africa?
a. Tanzania and Zaire c. Angola and Mozambique
b. Kenya and Ghana d. South Africa and Zimbabwe


____ 19. Why are African Muslims attached to the Islamic revival?
a. It calls for political reform and social justice.
b. It encourages reliance on imports.
c. It encourages Africans to return to their old ways.
d. It supports western values.


Short Answer – Use your outline notes to answer this question. (1 Point)

20. Describe three ways colonial rule affected the development of new African nations.

Latin America Quiz

Matching

Match each term with the correct statement below.
a. agribusiness e. favelas
b. Alliance for Progress f. import substitution
c. Sandinistas g. maquiladoras
d. ejidos h. Organization of American States


____ 1. Large commercial farm owned by multinational corporation

____ 2. Group formed to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights in Latin America and the United States

____ 3. Reform-minded nationalists in Nicaragua

Match each person with the correct statement below.
a. Salvador Allende d. Isabel Perón
b. Jean-Bertrand Aristide e. Benedita da Silva
c. Fidel Castro


____ 4. Cuban dictator

____ 5. President of Chile who was overthrown in a coup supported by the United States

____ 6. President of Haiti who was forced into exile

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 7. Which of the following groups in Latin American countries generally supported conservative interests?
a. students c. business middle class
b. labor leaders d. peasant organizers


____ 8. One group in Latin America that became an effective force for social reform was
a. women. c. Marxists.
b. military rulers. d. the middle class.


____ 9. The United States and the Soviet Union came to the brink of nuclear war in 1962 over Soviet missile bases in
a. Brazil. c. Cuba.
b. Colombia. d. Haiti.


____ 10. Which Latin American country joined Arab nations in OPEC?
a. Argentina c. Paraguay
b. Venezuela d. Peru


____ 11. Which of the following issues in Brazil provoked conflict between economic development and environmental protection?
a. destruction of the rain forest c. war on drugs
b. illegal immigration d. free trade zone


____ 12. Which of the following terms best describes conditions in Central American countries in the 1980s?
a. democracy c. prosperity
b. civil war d. peace


____ 13. The “dirty war” refers to the kidnapping, torturing, and murdering of thousands of citizens by military leaders in
a. Argentina. c. Mexico.
b. Brazil. d. Nicaragua.


____ 14. In the Latin American social structure, which of the following groups made up the upper class?
a. Native Americans c. African Americans
b. mestizos d. descendants of Europeans


____ 15. The purpose of import substitution was to
a. increase dependence on imports.
b. encourage local manufacturing.
c. promote exports.
d. provide a greater variety of imports.


____ 16. The Bay of Pigs disaster refers to a plot, supported by the United States, to invade
a. El Salvador. c. Cuba.
b. Mexico. d. Chile.


____ 17. Which of the following is an organization formed in 1948 to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights?
a. Organization of American States
b. Alliance for Progress
c. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
d. North American Free Trade Agreement


____ 18. Which of the following groups supported Juan Perón’s government?
a. the military c. foreign investors
b. working classes d. educated people


Short Answer – Use your outline notes to answer this question. (2 Points)

19. Describe three ways that the Cuban Revolution affected the United States.